Tag Archives: English Lesson

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the Bicol Epic)

When the hero Baltog came to the rich land of Ibalon, many monsters still roamed around in its very dark forest. Baltog, born in Baltavara to the brave clan of Lipod, was the first to cultivate the fields in the rich land of Ibalon.
2 Then the Tandayag attacked and destroyed Baltog‘s fields and crops. The Tandayag was a monstrous wild boar but the hero Baltog was not afraid. One night, he waited for the Tandayag and wrestled with it with all his might. The Tandayag had very long fangs. The earth shook at the Tandayag‘s step. But Baltog was strong and brave. He was able to pin down the monstrous wild boar and tear out its mouth.
3 Baltog carried the Tandayag and hung it on a talisay tree in front of his house in Tondol. The people celebrated when they learned of the victory of their king Baltog. The clans of Panicuason and Asog came over to marvel at the monstrous wild boar in Ibalon.
4 At that time the hero Handiong came with a band of warriors to the land of Ibalon. Handiong and his men had to fight thousands of battles, and face many dangers to defeat the monsters. They first fought the one-eyed giants in the land of Ponon. They fought without rest for ten months until all the one-eyed giants were killed.
5 They went to the lair of the giant flying fishes called Tiburon which had slimy, scaly, and hardy flesh and sawlike teeth that could crush rocks. Handiong and his men did not stop until they vanquished every Tiburon.
6 They tamed the fierce tamaraws. They drove away the giant Sarimaw which was larger than an elephant and very fierce. They used their spears and arrows to kill all the crocodiles which were bigger than boats. The savage monkeys were frightened and hid when they
saw the rivers and swamps of Ibalon turn red with blood.
7 Oriol was the hardest to kill. A serpent with a beautiful voice, Oriol could change its image to deceive enemies. Oriol had escaped every trap and disappeared.
8 All by himself, Handiong looked for Oriol in the heart of the forest. He followed the beautiful voice and was almost enchanted by it in his pursuit. It is said that Oriol admired Handiong‘s bravery and gallantry. Thus, the serpent taught the hero how to conquer the monsters until peace came to the whole Ibalon.
9 Handiong built a town in Isarog and a season of progress followed. Under Handiong‘s leadership, the people planted rice which they named after him. He built the first boat to ride the waves of Ibalon seas. Because of his good example, inventors came forth from his people. Ginantong made the plow, harrow, and other farming tools. Hablom invented the first loom for weaving abaca clothes. Dinahon, an Aeta, created the stove, cooking pot, earthen jar, and other kitchen utensils. The brilliant Sural thought of the alphabet and started to write on white rock. It was a golden period in Ibalon when even slaves were respected under the laws of Handiong.
10 But there came the big flood freed by Unos, with earthquakes and the eruption of the volcanoes of Hantik, Kolasi, and Isarog. Rivers dried up and the seas receded. The earth parted, mountains sank, and many towns in Ibalon were destroyed.
11 Then appeared the giant Rabot, half-man half-beast, with terrible powers.

Bantong, Handiong‘s good friend, was ordered to kill the new monster in Ibalon. He took with him a thousand warriors to attack Rabot‘s den. Bantong used his wisdom against Rabot. He did not attack the giant‘s den right away but instead observed Rabot‘s ways. He saw many rocks around the den. They were people turned into rock by Rabot.
13 He also learned that Rabot loved to sleep. When Rabot slept very soundly, Bantong was able to go near him. The giant died with a single stab by the brave and wise Bantong. Ibalon was at peace once more.



Posted by on July 16, 2012 in Uncategorized


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Why the Sky is High

Why the Sky Is High
In the early days, when the sky was still low, two brothers named Ingat and Daskol lived with their parents on earth.
As their names indicate, Ingat was careful in everything he did and was therefore his father‘s right hand man. He was always helping with the work in the field and his parents were very pleased with him.
On the other hand, Daskol did his work sloppily. In the absence of a daughter in the family, the house work came to be Daskol‘s responsibility. He fetched water, cleaned the house, and did the cooking. He also did the pounding of the palay that his father and Ingat harvested. Even in pounding, Daskol lived up to his name. Half of the grain he pounded scattered and fell to the ground. Being naturally lazy and impatient, he did not like the work of pounding rice.
One day, Daskol had to pound a greater quantity of palay than usual. He was irritated because every time he raised the pestle higher, and every time it hit the sky, the sky would be raised. In his hurry, Daskol did not notice that the sky was rising. When he finished pounding the rice, he looked up and discovered that the sky had risen and it is where it is today.


Why the Sky Is High
In the olden days, the only people on earth were a man and a woman. One day, they ate venison which the man had brought home from hunting. But because the bones were very big and they wanted to eat the marrow, they thought of pounding the bones. The woman removed her comb and necklace and hung them on the low sky. But whenever she pounded, she would hit the sky. So she requested the sky to rise higher. It thundered and the sky rose higher. Still the pestle hit the sky. So the woman again asked the sky to go higher. It thundered and the sky rose higher. Still the pestle hit the sky. So the woman again asked the sky to go higher. Again it thundered and the sky rose as high as could be. When the woman remembered what she had hung, it was too late. They became the moon and the stars.


Why the Sky Is High
In the olden days the sky was so low—so low that it could be reached by a stick of ordinary length. The people in those days said that God had created the sky in such a way that he could hear his people when they called to him. In turn, God could send his blessings to earth as soon as men needed them. Because of this close connection between God and his subjects, the people were provided for, and they did not need to work.
Whenever they wanted to eat, they could simply call God. Before their request was made, almost, the food would be on the table; but after the expulsion of Adam and Eve, God made men work for their own living. With this change in their condition came the custom of holding feasts, when the men would rest from their labors.
One day one of the chiefs, Abing by name, held a feast. Many people came to enjoy it. A sayao, or native war-dance, was given in honor of the men belonging to the chief, and it was acted by men brandishing spears. While acting, one of the actors, who was drunk, tried to show his skill, but he forgot that the sky was so low. When he darted his spear, he happened to pierce the sky, and one of the gods was wounded. This angered God the Father: so he raised the sky as we have it today far from the earth.




Posted by on July 16, 2012 in Uncategorized


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Samal Genesis

In the beginning, when there were no creatures yet, there was only the sea. Floating on this sea was a thing resembling a ball. This was the abode of God the Most High. When he wanted to bring out his creations, the ball split; one half of it rose and became heaven (with seven levels) and the lower half remained and became the earth (with seven levels). Now the sea on which the ball was floating was called Baharun Nur [Bahar, great waters, mighty rivers; Nur, light], meaning, this was the ancestor of all which floated on it. Symbolically, the part which was lifted up was the father, and the grandfather was the sea on which it floated. Now at the same time of the splitting of the ball, and as God willed it, all men and all the creatures on earth have already been believed as being in it.
2 From the time of our ancestors up to the present, the original content of that thing is what we have been looking for.
Pre-Existent Soul
3 And Nur Muhammad [technical term for the pre-existence of the soul of the Prophet] was then already risen. When Allah the Most High was already in the highest heaven, he willed and his radiance scattered and became a man—Nur Muhammad. Now, when the latter became aware of himself, he asserted that he was God. Looking left and right, he saw that he was alone. So he said to himself, ―There is nobody but me, so I must be God.‖ He then went around, and after walking some distance

he said, ―Arastum Murabbikum,‖ meaning, ―I am God.‖ Then all of a sudden, a voice answered, ―Kahal Bala,” and Nur disintegrated.
4 When Nur disintegrated, all the elements contained in the earth and the heavens were drawn out of him. All creatures then appeared. From the single light [Nur] was taken the elements that became the moon, the sun, the stars, the trees, and all living things. They were all there. And this was begun on a Sunday and was completed on a Friday.
Why God is Hidden
5 After all things had been drawn out of Nur Muhammad, he was made man once again, and God said to him, ―Don‘t assert that you are God. It is I. But if you don‘t believe, let us play hide and seek. You hide and I will look for you. Then I will hide and you will look for me. If I can find you and you cannot find me, then surely I am God.‖ And so they commenced the trial. No matter how hard Nur Muhammad hid, God always pinpointed him. Then God said, ―Now I will hide.‖ And Nur Muhammad could not find him. [This is said to be the reason why we cannot see God.]
6 God then summoned the angel, Jibra‘il [Gabriel]. God then said to him, ―Go on to earth and get a handful of soil.‖ When Jibra‘il descended and tried to pick up some earth. The earth cursed and refused to be taken, Jibra‘il returned empty-handed, and God said to another angel, Mika‘il, ―You go.‖ When Mikail reached the earth, the same refusal met him. Then the angel, Israfil, took his turn, but the earth likewise refused. Then the fourth angel, Idjara‘il [Izra‘il or Azra‘el], immediately went down and forthwith grabbed the earth. One of his fingers was on the west, another on the east, a third one on the south, and a fourth one on the earth. And he scooped a handful.
7 Then God said to Jibra‘il, ―Make it into a man.‖ When it had assumed the form of a man, Jibra‘il said, ―My Lord, the man is here, but it cannot speak, and his joints are no t connected.‖
8 Then God said, ―Get a ganta of rice and grind it into powder and apply it to him.‖ Then the joints were connected and the man became whole, but he still could not speak. Then God commanded Nur Muhammad, ―Go inside Adam‖ (for that was the name of the man). But Nur Muhammad said, ―I refuse. You created Adam from the four elements (fire, water, wind, and earth), whereas I came from Your light.‖ Then God said to Nur Muhammad, ―Be willing, for you and I are one, and you can meet me five times a day during prayer.‖ So Nur Muhammad went inside Adam through his forehead and Adam became a living man.
9 And God made Adam into a Caliph and commanded all creatures including angels to pay homage to him. And every creature did, except Iblis (the Evil One) who said to God, ―How can I worship Adam seeing he was created of four elements whereas I have served you for hundreds of years.‖ In spite of God‘s entreaty, Iblis continued to refuse. Then, Iblis asked God to grant him four wishes. First, that he would be the richest of all; second, that he would be the most exalted of all; third, that he can steal the riches of those who have; and fourth, that those riches he cannot steal, he kills. And this is the origin of the evil desire for material goods and for worldly fame which leads to envy and killing. Those whom Iblis enters are led to evil. For he had an agreement with God that those he can mislead are his and those he cannot are God‘s.


Posted by on July 16, 2012 in Uncategorized


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Additional Exercises in Subject Verb Agreement

Thank you for visiting my site! I want to provide additional practice for my students for the Subject- Verb agreement so I posted a link here where you could choose your answer and the score will be provided after you do the activity! Hope you enjoy and learn and practice your knowledge with the SV agreement!


Posted by on July 11, 2012 in Uncategorized


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The Story of Creation (B’laan)

1 In the very beginning there lived a being so large that he cannot be compared with any known thing. His name was Melu, and when he sat on the clouds, which were his home, he occupied all the space above. His teeth were pure gold, and because he was very cleanly and continually rubbed himself with his hands, his skin became pure white. The dead skin which he rubbed off his body was placed on one side in a pile, and by and by this pile became so large that he was annoyed and set himself to consider what he could do with it.
2 Finally Melu decided to make the earth; so he worked very hard in putting the dead skin into shape, and when it was finished he was so pleased with it that he determined to make two beings like himself, though smaller, to live on it.
3 Taking the remnants of the material left after making the earth he fashioned two men, but just as they were all finished except their noses, Tau Tana from below the earth appeared and wanted to help him.
4 Melu did not wish any assistance, and a great argument ensued. Tau Tana finally won his point and made the noses which he placed on the people upside down. When all was finished, Melu and Tau Tana whipped the forms until they moved. Then Melu went to his home above the clouds, and Tau Tana returned to his place below the earth.
5 All went well until one day a great rain came, and the people on the earth nearly drowned from the water which ran off their heads into their noses. Melu, from his place on the clouds, saw their danger, and he came quickly to earth and saved their lives by turning their noses the other side up.
6 The people were very grateful to him, and promised to do anything he should ask of them. Before he left for the sky, they told him that they were very unhappy living on the great earth all alone, so he told them to save all the hair from their heads and the dry skin from their bodies and the next time he came he would make them some companions. And in this way there came to be a great many people on the earth. 


Posted by on June 27, 2012 in Uncategorized


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THE ORIGIN OF THIS WORLD (MARANAO) from the Anthology of Philippine Myths by Damiana L. Eugenio

from the Anthology of Philippine Myths by Damiana L. Eugenio

           According to Maranaw folklore, this world was created by a great Being. It is not known, however, who exactly is this great Being. Or how many days it took him to create this world.

           This world is divided into seven layers. The earth has also seven layers. Each layer is inhabited by a different kind of being. The uppermost layer, for example, is the place we are inhabiting. The second layer is being inhabited by dwarfs. These dwarfs are short, plump, and long-haired. They are locally known as Karibanga. The Karibanga are said to possess magical powers. They are usually invisible to the human eye. The third layer of the earth which is found under the sea or lake is inhabited by nymphs. These nymphs also possess certain magical powers. It is stated in the story of Rajah Indarapatra that he met and fell in love with the princess-nymph with whom he had a child.

           The sky also consists of seven layers. Each layer has a door which is guarded day and night by huge mythical birds called garoda. The seventh layer of the sky is the seat of heaven which is also divided into seven layers. Every layer in the sky is inhabited by angels. Maranaws believe that angels do not need food. They all possess wings with which they fly.

           Heaven which is found on the seventh layer of the sky is where good people‘s spirits go after death. Saints are assigned to the seventh layer while persons who―barely made it‖ are confined to the lower most layer which is found at the bottom of heaven.

            It is in heaven where we find the tree-of-life. On each leaf of the tree-of-life is written the name of every person living on earth. As soon as a leaf ripens or dries and falls, the person whose name it carries also dies.

            The soul of every person is found in tightly covered jars kept in one section of heaven. This particular section of heaven is closely guarded by a monster with a thousand eyes, named Walo. Walo, in addition to his thousand eyes, has also eight hairy heads. The epic Darangan speaks of Madale, Bantugan‘s brother and, Mabaning, Husband of Lawanen, entering this section and retrieving the soul of Bantugan.


Posted by on June 20, 2012 in Uncategorized


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